Germany has announced plans to tax the millions of foreign motorists who use its roads, including the famous autobahn motorway, from 2016 onwards.
Transport Minister Alexander Dobrindt said the levy should raise 2.5bn euros (£1.98bn) over four years.
Vehicles will be issued with badges, costing between 10 euros for 10 days and about 100 euros for a year-long permit.
Critics of the planned toll say it violates EU anti-discrimination laws.
While vehicles registered in Germany will also have to pay the charge, their owners will be compensated by an equivalent reduction in a separate car tax.